July 14, 2020

Nature-based solutions – towards the resilient cities

This year, the Summer School of Urbanism taken place during the first three days of July in Prolom Banja.
The global pandemic has, even more, highlighted the significance of the future of the cities, bringing the rethinking process of the human approach forward.

Andrea Govedarica, an urbanist from Novi Sad, who has more than twenty years of experience in urban development, and our project manager Danica Laćarac, for this year's event, have made their overview.

In section IV: Practical and Theoretical Reactions in Serbian City and Urbanism on Global Climate Change and the Absence of Adequate Corrections in Urban Practice, they introduced the Green Factor strategy.

Working on this topic together, they aimed to bring focus directly towards the Nature-based solutions and to link them directly with the subject of resiliency.

In addition, we are happy to share the Abstract with you!
Nature-based solutions – towards the resilient cities
The process of urbanization caused clear division between city and the nature. Today, cities represent spaces that lack greenery. Even though cities cover only 3% of the Earth's area, they cause more than 2/3 greenhouse gas emission; therefore they consume more than 80% of total amount of produced energy. While the temperature in urban areas notably rises along with polluted air and flooded streets, the urban planning regulations still lean only on defining the minimum percentage of green areas. The matter of the role of nature-based solutions on a way towards to sustainability and where on that road of transformation are cities of Serbia, represent some of the issues we are dealing with through our work.
The future of cities in Serbia is going to be analyzed in three key points: First, by analyzing two key documents: Regulation above the Spatial Plan of the Republic of Serbia from 2010 to 2020 as well as the Strategy of integral urban development of Serbia to the year 2030.
The analysis focuses on the role of green infrastructure in the process of city development. The regulations give guidelines for further development and therefore defining priorities and focal points are of high importance at this stage.
Secondly, after having the insight from the strategic document, we tend to emphasize and follow the most important examples of the use of good previous practical experience. How are the cities of Europe stepping towards the resilient future? What are the most successful approaches to respond to climate change? Which steps are of the highest priority? In this part of the analysis, special attention is given upon the cities that are comparable in size to the cities in Serbia.
The third aspect represents the sublimation of the first two. Within this process the goal is to define new parameters of the urban development. Further on, those parameters should respectively tackle all segments where green infrastructure plays a key role in the future development. It is essential to define those new parameters both concerning the street and objects level as well as the level of specific green areas and streets.